Zippers and The Four Fundamental Types

Zippers and The Four Fundamental Types

Zippers, at first glance, may look a bit daunting and complicated. But with the help of a zipper foot and a few tricks and tips in mind, zippers can be very simple and easy to sew.

When it comes to choosing the most suitable zipper application, it is imperative that you consider your specific design. Each of the different applications looks a bit different from the outside since some have visible topstitching, but others don’t.

In skirts, zippers are typically located on the center back or the left side. In pants, depending on the specific style in question, the zipper can be in the back, front, or on either side.

You can pick the particular location according to the pattern instructions or your desired look.  It is now time to delve deeper and learn more about the different types of basic zippers that you can find and use today for your sewing and craft projects.

Centered Zippers

The centered zipper application is no doubt the most common. This one has stitching that can be seen on the right part of the garment. A narrow or regular zipper foot can be used for stitching these centered zippers. A seam allowance with a width of ½” or ⅝” is enough.

The machine foot can also be used as a guide to sew in a centered zipper. However, in order to achieve a truly crisp finish, you need to first draw in the stitching lines. Draw one on any side of the seam allowance, about ¼” in from the seam with the third across the base opening and this is where you can find the zipper stop.

Exposed Zippers

The exposed zipper application shows the zipper on the right part of the garment. Exposed zippers are available with metallic tape, satin tape, as well as multicolored teeth. You can use these unique notions on garments or projects you wish to stand out. When the fabric is lightweight, you can fuse interfacing to the wrong part of the opening of the zipper.

Invisible Zippers

How Zippers Work | HowStuffWorks

The invisible zippers are not seen from the right part because the seam is the only thing you can see. There are some special presser feet that are used to install invisible zippers.

The invisible zipper foot is not really necessary for installing the zipper. However, it can really make the whole job so much easier and simpler.

An invisible zipper’s coils curl back on themselves, which means there is a need to press the zipper before you sew it in place. These zippers are installed in an understitch seam.

Lapped Zippers

The lapped zipper application makes use of a traditional zipper. The only difference is that the zipper is concealed with a lap of fabric topstitched in place. You can use a narrow or regular zipper foot for this.

As you can see, zippers are all unique in their own ways. Make sure you choose the right zipper according to your specific needs and applications to get the best results.

Ellen Hollington

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